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Артериальная гипертензия

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Современные представления о генетике артериальной гипертензии – мозаичная теория, гены-кандидаты, моногенные формы и широкогеномные исследования

https://doi.org/10.18705/1607-419X-2020-26-5-490-500

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Аннотация

В обзоре представлены литературные данные об известных моногенных заболеваниях, сопровождающихся повышением артериального давления (АД), данные о наследовании артериальной гипертензии (АГ) и генах-кандидатах, а также обзор результатов широкогеномных исследований в области АГ. Современное представление о роли генетики в становлении и прогрессировании АГ существенно зависит от совершенствования методов изучения генетических ассоциаций. Высокая производительность новых методов позволила накопить знания о маркерах, ассоциированных с АГ. В настоящее время основная задача исследователей — определить сложные молекулярно-биологические пути регуляции уровня АД, что позволит от популяционного уровня ассоциаций перейти к индивидуальному уровню понимания патогенеза и подходов к лечению.

Об авторе

А. О. Конради
Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение «Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр имени В. А. Алмазова» Министерства здравоохранения Российской Федерации; Университет ИТМО
Россия

Конради Александра Олеговна — доктор медицинских наук, профессор, руководитель НИО АГ, заместитель генерального директора по научной работе ФГБУ «НМИЦ им. В. А. Алмазова» Минздрава России, руководитель Института трансляционной медицины Университета ИТМО

ул. Аккуратова, д. 2, Санкт-Петербург, 197341
Тел.: 8(812)702–37–33 



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Для цитирования:


Конради А.О. Современные представления о генетике артериальной гипертензии – мозаичная теория, гены-кандидаты, моногенные формы и широкогеномные исследования. Артериальная гипертензия. 2020;26(5):490-500. https://doi.org/10.18705/1607-419X-2020-26-5-490-500

For citation:


Konradi A.O. Current knowledge in hypertension genetics: mosaic theory, candidate genes and genome-wide association studies. "Arterial’naya Gipertenziya" ("Arterial Hypertension"). 2020;26(5):490-500. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.18705/1607-419X-2020-26-5-490-500

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ISSN 1607-419X (Print)
ISSN 2411-8524 (Online)